|Raven next to an iceberg. No, we didn't reach the Antarctic, it's a half-acre-sized Alaskan iceberg in Endicott Arm.|
We are in Craig,
a settlement of 1200 people on western Prince of Wales Island, in the southwest
corner of Southeast Alaska about 60 miles north of Dixon Entrance. We’ve been
threading our way among and between large and small islands and there was a
short, mercifully calm passage in the Gulf of Alaska.
|Craig, the largest settlement on Prince of Wales Island.|
It’s been awhile since our last post because we have been in
the boonies since leaving Juneau. Jim, who has been going barefoot for most of
this trip, kept checking his cellphone for a signal, but nada. Do you think, he
said, if I put shoes on we might get service?
|There are so many picturesque neighborhoods and nifty historic structures in Juneau. You just have to walk uphill (or be driven on a tour, thanks Deb!) The tourist district is cool, but so are the areas away from it.|
Juneau is also a paradise for hikers. This trail is built
right on top of a large flume, and you can hear the water rushing under your
feet. It also drips out the sides.
This is an outlet of the flume, way up a mountain. Other
hikes in the area would appeal to both novices and experienced hikers. It is
also a fact in Gastineau Channel that when two cruise ships pass by, their
wakes will bounce you around for the next twenty minutes. Time to get away from
cruise ship traffic.
We have traveled
nearly 350 miles since Juneau
, most of it in the kind of wilderness where
human beings are reminded and humbled that we’re just another part of a
magnificent and often achingly gorgeous planetary ecosystem.
We have been to the
ice. We have seen glaciers, and blue icebergs bobbing like a spill of
rough-edged Canada Mints. We have seen icebergs shaped like giant moths,
icebergs as big as houses, no, bigger than houses, and we have seen killer
whales and humpback whales. We have seen black bears, brown bears, get-outta-town
bears, a wooly mammoth… okay, not a wooly mammoth.
Don’t you think this iceberg looks like either a giant moth
or, perhaps, the Starship Enterprise after it grew Barbaloot antennae?
But we digress… there we were on the Juneau waterfront,
innocently taking a selfie when THIS happened! Can you believe it?
I mean, REALLY, the nerve of that whale, photobombing us
Several friends have admonished us: We wanna see more
Butbutbut, we said, we’re just using iPhones and a point ‘n
shoot camera, it’s…
We don’t care, they said, get out there and get those
Okay then. I texted the photo below to a friend, and wrote:
You wanted to see a whale close-up?
She texted back: WOW! AWESOME! Was that a humpback whale?
Love it! Thank you!
Wordlessly, I texted her this:
Me: Couldn’t wait ‘til April 1.
Also, if I’d been that close to a breaching whale with an
iPhone trying to get a shot like that, it woulda been the last photo I ever took,
because, as you can see from relative species sizes in this photo, there
wouldn’t have been much left of me to write home about when that whale came
We left Juneau on June 29, but because a southerly wind
raised a chop, we pulled in 20 miles south to anchor at Taku Harbor, then
continued the next day to Tracy Arm, which has not one but two big glaciers at its head, about 25 miles from its ice-choked
entrance. And there’s another huge arm, Endicott, to explore after Tracy.
Picture a large Victorian 3-storey house and you’ll get an
idea of the size of this chillpuppy in Endicott Arm.
June 30 was a majorly
, because we got up at oh-dark-thirty so we could get to Tracy Arm,
then went the full length of it up and back, and finally anchored late that
evening in a pocket cove near the fiord’s mouth, hoping no bergs would drift in.
You’d think icebergs might have enough sense to not clog the
narrow entrance, but noooo. When we crossed this bar the next day to go up
Endicott Arm, icebergs had left the red nun alone but swept away the green can.
Given the fresh paint on both aids to navigation, we don’t think this is a rare
occurrence. Luckily, there’s a range on an island that you can line up to stay
in the channel.
Jim: So if you get off the range, are you deranged?
Me: You would go aground and have to get a tow a-ranged.
Jim: Costs could range quite high.
Me: And blaming an iceberg would be st-range.
The following day we tried to get up Endicott Arm to a nice
little side-fiord called Ford’s Terror (because of terror-inducing tidal rapids
at the entrance, which you avoid by going in at slack tide), but pack ice so thickly
littered Endicott Arm that we decided that it wasn’t worth the worry of
threading through it hoping a chunk of ice wouldn’t hit (and damage) our prop.
Instead, we stopped the boat, turned off the engine, and drifted among the
icebergs, which made little Snap! Crackle! Pop! sounds. Jim kayaked while I
stayed aboard Raven to keep her clear of drifting ice (and to nurse my cold.)
So here are some
photos from those wonderful two days
in Tracy and Endicott Arms:
Doesn’t this iceberg look like if Dale Chihuly decided to
sculpt a sea slug in glass? The varied blue colors in icebergs and glaciers
surprises people. It turns out that when you compress all the air out of ice over
time, say ten millennia, the way it refracts and reflects light changes, and
you get this blue-green color because all the long-wavelength light (meaning, red) is absorbed rather than reflected. Unfortunately, the ice we made drinks from
wasn’t blue, but we enjoyed its ten thousand year-old, what would you call it, paleo-seasoning?
We liked the wave-forms in this berg, which was about the
length of a bus.
We had to come over to investigate this cataract rushing off
the mountainside, and it was worth it. It rained on and off that day, which
only added to the beauty because of how the light played with low clouds while
the rain fueled dozens of waterfalls.
Close-up of waterfall. It was mesmerizing to watch because
it continually changed shape around the edges.
More water at play, like a feather boa. Seriously, how does
a cloud do that?
Look at the glacier way, way up the mountain, and the
U-shaped opening it carved when it once filled the whole valley. A lot of these
photos show the incredible (and alarming) rate of retreat of these glaciers,
too many of which may be gone within our lifetimes.
Now this was intriguing; a couple of near-90-degree turns in
Tracy Arm—why? What would cause a glacier to have to do that? We don’t know,
but this was the path it followed, and now we’re following in its watery wake.
The color of the water was an opaque turquoise, evoking along with the
surrounding forests and mountains, the sense that had the movie “Avatar” been
about glacial rather than tropical habitat, it might have been filmed here.
The rumbling South Sawyer glacier is extremely active and
calves at the head of Tracy Arm—it’s the source for all the big icebergs in
that Arm. It was so choked with ice that we couldn’t get much nearer than this.
Many of the small bergy bits had seals with pups resting on them, so it was
just as well to not disturb them. Mamas would watch us and put a protective flipper
over their pups to reassure them, just like human mothers do, except without
We had read that you can get quite close to North Sawyer
glacier, and we did. Along the way, waterfalls like this one squirted out of
mountainsides. The volume of fresh water coming out of Tracy Arm is
This is probably the most disturbing photo. If you look at
the screen, the red triangle is where Raven was—more than half a mile “inland” since this chart was made
. And we were
still a half-mile from the glacier! The chart says, “Sawyer Glacier –
Unsurveyed.” Meaning nobody’s been out here to
measure the depths and correct the chart in such a brief time; the retreat has been this dramatic.
We liked the symmetry of this view of Raven as she bobbed in
front of North Sawyer glacier. Gotta hand it to shipwright Leif Knutsen, he
designed and built one terrific boat.
Heading back down Tracy Arm, we were less than two or three
boat lengths from the sheer rock walls bordering the fiord, and it was a
thousand to twelve hundred feet deep!
Orcas! Two of them swam behind this iceberg. This dorsal fin
belongs to a big male.
didn’t get a photo of this because it would have looked like a small dark blob,
and besides, we couldn’t tear ourselves away from the sight of it long enough
to grab a camera, but I noticed something moving—it looked like another “stump”
swimming across the ¾-mile wide fiord. What’s that, I said, thinking, oh, it’s probably
just a very dark small moose, and raised my binoculars. OHMYGOD, IT’S A BEAR
A very large brown bear was paddling along in the frigid
water, semi-vertical like a person treading water, shoulder hump held
surprisingly high, neck and head well out of the water, round ears alert, eyes constantly
looking around, and an expression on its face, I swear I am not making this up,
exactly the opposite of a large fierce carnivore and precisely
like one of those cute Teddy Bears kids put on their beds.
It was doing the best imitation of a smile that a bear could possibly do; we
have rarely seen an animal looking so pleased with itself. Its nose was also going
a mile a minute, trying to sniff out the Irish stew and cornbread we had cooking
on the stove, and while it was tempting to motor closer for a better look, we
didn’t, because even a big get-outta-town grizzly bear who’s trying to cross ¾
miles of icy water probably has its paws full, logistically speaking, so best
not to bother it. Plus, claw marks on the hull would not be fun, and it was
clear from the interest it was showing in Raven that the bear might have
approached us for a hearty helping of stew, and then maybe a second one, and
after that it probably would have eaten the dish and spoon, too, and demanded
all the Oreos on board. And then it might have demanded our stash of Miss
Vickie’s potato chips, which would be a bridge too far.
Me: Aww, it looks almost huggable!
Jim: Tell me you didn’t just say that.
Me: Man, this place is like a glacial Jurassic Park!
Icebergs make great perches for eagles and other birds.
Jim: I don’t know about you, but when I see an iceberg, I
look for it on the chart. Do you do that?
Jim: Well, I’m going to write to Navionics after this and
complain about the icebergs not being on the chart.
Jim: Especially when they’re so close to navigation aids,
Day two, our attempt to get up Endicott Arm. The way the sun
played on these icebergs, and shone through them to make the blue luminous, was
OOOH! A fish-shaped iceberglet!
It’s hard to take a bad photo in a place like this.
Whaaaat? An Epsilon-shaped iceberg? We got fraternities up
We went up on the roof for a better view.
Okay, Sweetie, don’t get too close to these bad boys.
Sweetie, you’re a little close to that iceberg…
I swear to god, Raven is not as close to this iceberg as it
Fun with perspective. Raven was well away from this frozen
tsunami, but Jim found the money shot.
Sumdum glacier no longer reaches the water.
Our little pocket cove at the mouth of Tracy Arm.
Tune in to BearTV each night at seven for crunch ‘n munch
drama on the shoreline!
So that’s the
Tracy-Endicott Arm adventure
. The warm sunny weather was bringing out the
bugs, and I made a mosquito net for the forward hatch that uses some spare lead
line we had lying around to weigh it down instead of having to screw snaps into
the wood. (If it gets windy the bugs disappear anyway.) It’s heavy so it’s wind-proof,
has the lead line covered with blue fabric so it won’t mar the surface of the
wood, and it can be rigged/de-rigged in a hurry.
In the middle of Stephens Passage on our way to Cannery Cove
at the southern end of Admiralty Island, we were startled by a whale surfacing
about 50 feet off our starboard bow, so we slowed way down. Then two whales, a large one and a small one,
so we stopped, and they surfaced ahead of us and swam a circle all around
Raven, about 30 feet away. Ahhh…
Cannery Cove in Pybus Bay is very scenic.
We were anchored with a 38-foot pilothouse sloop named
Northern Light, and invited its owner, Danny, and his sweet little Chihuahua,
Bella, over for dinner.
Leaving Cannery Cove we crossed Frederick Sound again, this
time in flat calm. Blog posts sometimes get written on the run.
Anchored in Cedar Cove, Security Bay we could see that it
was going to get rolly by evening, so we moved to anchor behind Cleft Island,
and oh my, was that ever animal heaven or what. Ravens yelled OOOOH! WAH! like an
arachnophobic grandma being startled by a large spider, songbirds warbled like
an orchestral flute section, sea otters floated on the surface with fat round babies
sleeping on their stomachs, eagles flew overhead, a black bear turned over
rocks on the beach, salmon jumped, a whale blew outside the harbor, and if you
could visualize a quintessential late evening near-biblical “cornucopia of
animals in harmony” sunset scene, this was it—except for the two young seals
that had a big fight right off our stern. Punks.
So imagine our surprise the next morning while rounding
Kingsmill Point on the northeast corner of Kuiu Island heading south in Chatham
Strait, when not one, not five, but ELEVEN OR TWELVE HUMPBACK WHALES surfaced
all at once! Here’s a photo to give you an idea of what it looks like when a
bunch of them do that and fog the air with their exhalations:
And when we looked at our depth sounder, we saw this.
Whale-shaped schools of fish, or whales, what do you think?
Wow, right? So there was a swirling current at this point,
which whales love because it concentrates their food supply, and they were
taking big gulps, coming up with mouths open and snapping them shut. Sometimes there are just no words...
A cruising couple we met said, You MUST go see Tebenkof Bay,
there are so many places to anchor and it’s off the beaten path! So we did,
found a wonderful spot and set Raven up in “lounge mode” that included the
sailing dinghy ready for dashing sorties across the bay.
|Raven in lounge mode.|
Karen sailed it and the wind died after Jim tried it and had
to row back, so he went fishing.
Here he is returning with the dinghy in fishing mode, but you
can see from his expression that he got skunked again, dang it.
As consolation he rowed to the nearby island and hiked its
old-growth mossy mini-forest. Surprises like this tree, which had grown from a
stump of an ancestor tree that has since rotted away, along with thick soft
moss everywhere, made up for catching no fish. Well, not really, but it was
After a couple of
calm sunny days in the far back reaches of Tebenkof Bay, where horseflies
should really be called clydesdale flies (plus they need an air traffic controller,)
we decided to steam toward the bay’s entrance to see if we could find a cell
signal or a VHF signal out in the strait, for a weather report. The idea was to
get the forecast, steam back to another anchorage in the bay, and wait for a calm
weather window for our passage in the Gulf of Alaska (or should I say GULP! of
Alaska) in order to round Cape Decision on the south tip of Kuiu Island.
|Yep, this was the Gulf of Alaska. Coronation Island in the distance.|
But it was flat calm out there and the weather forecast was
benign, so we decided to just keep going and sneak around the GULP! before it
woke up. And it wasn’t the only thing sleeping. A couple hours into the
passage, Jim said What’s that up ahead… hey, is that a whale? I don’t see a
It was indeed a whale, just beneath the surface and sound
asleep, right in front of us. What gave it away was the whale-sized circle of
smooth water surrounded by small ripples. We slowed and swerved to go around it
(this being an advantage of a boat doing only 5 or 6 knots) and it woke up.
Yeeks! It swam toward us and dived under the boat. Wow! Another couple of
whales were feeding just off Cape Decision, same wide open mouths snapping shut
and causing us to wear out the word WOW.
We steamed up Affleck
Channel to anchor in the remote and aptly named Bear Harbor,
which had, we
kid you not, a bear on every beach. It was like Disney’s Kountry Bear Jamboree
in there. Bears effortlessly overturning hundred-pound rocks looking for stuff
to eat. Bears lumbering around like inebriates leaving their favorite pubs.
Bears sniffing, bears scratching, bears slurping, chomping and staring at each
other. We even watched a bear answer the question, “Does a bear s*** in the
woods?” Actually it was on a beach, and as we watched it from the dinghy and
kayak, it gave us one of those whatchu
stares. There were so many bears, in fact, (all of them black
bears; the two species have claimed separate islands in Southeast Alaska) that
Jim would occasionally go, Hm, I haven’t seen a bear in an hour, what’s going
Thus, dear reader,
you might expect, as one would if one used the logic lobe of one’s brain,
that if one kayaked ashore in BEAR Harbor, one perhaps *might* encounter a bear,
Jim: (Points to the island next to where we were anchored) I’m
going to kayak to this island over here and do a little hiking.
Me: (Points to a neighboring island) There was a bear on the
beach over there an hour ago, and the sand bar between the islands is exposed
because it’s low tide.
Whenever Jim says, “It’ll be okay,” I have learned that a
DefCon4 alert is not far in my future. (See blog post
on fishing for
halibut while dragging anchor.) He kayaked ashore, left the kayak on the
island’s south end, and went for a walk. Ten minutes pass. I’m on deck, working
on the aforementioned mosquito/clydesdale fly net.
He’s standing on the island’s north
end. Gee, I’m thinking, he got there fast.
Me: HI, SWEETIE, ARE YOU HAVING FUN?
Jim: (points to the island’s south end) THERE’S A BEAR DOWN
THERE AND HE’S HEADED FOR THE KAYAK!
Me: THE BEAR WILL DESTROY THE KAYAK IF HE FINDS IT.
(first unspoken implication: you’re on the menu, too, if you
can’t get off that island.)
(second unspoken implication: JUST WHAT WERE YOU EXPECTING,
MACHO MAN, A PETTING ZOO?)
Like Wonder Woman I jumped into the dinghy, gave a heroic
pull on the outboard’s starter cord, and was astonished to hear it start, given
the fact that this is a Jim-centric machine. I picked him up and we motored
around to the south end of the island, making ungodly noises to scare off the
bear. (This tactic would, of course, not have worked on a brown bear; for one
of those we would have waved cheerio and wished it fine dining on its neoprene
meal.) Our noises worked and the bear was not around, so Jim fetched the kayak
and I got my husband back, not to mention some comedic material. But jeez, ya
Unspoken Law of the
When surrounded by bears, one should assume they are mobile.
And, off-topic but still valid when at anchor in a quiet
Unspoken Law of the
When you spend a lot, and we
mean a lot
of time in the wilderness
and you find yourself hearing nothing but quiet natural sounds on America’s Independence
Day, and someone who shall go nameless but is barefoot a lot farts very, very
loudly, you are allowed to exclaim, “HAPPY FOURTH!”
Now, if you have read an earlier blog post on how the
lack of a fishing net caused dinner to slip away, literally through Jim’s
fingers, you would have had an inkling of my reaction when in Bear Harbor I
asked, Where’s the fishing net? and Jim said that the, uh, brand new, very expensive
thing had, er, accidentally gone overboard when he’d, ah, um, forgotten that it
was atop the back cabin as he pulled the back cover down in a rainstorm. He
never heard the plop and I said not a word, but
telepathy is real, bebehs. We managed to scoop up a lingcod in a bucket, but it
was too small to keep. However, we did score a rockfish using the bucket. We will get a new net.
Three days of
watching BearTV and we were ready to cross Sumner Strait to Prince of Wales
Island. Although we wanted to go see a place called Hole in the Wall, the
weather forecast was not good and we didn’t want to get stuck there for several
days, so we headed for the narrow shortcut called El Capitan Passage.
|DUDES! We got 1776 miles on this trip odometer at Hamilton Island! How cool is that!|
Near its entrance we set the anchor carefully in a small
cove to wait out the coming weather front. All was well until the next morning
when, after a 180 degree wind shift, our anchor (a brand-new Spade) got fouled
in a massive double wad of kelp and the boat slowly started dragging, which, in
a small cove is not good. Happily, I had a cup of coffee going and was lucid,
and we said, well, let’s just go find a better anchorage, this weather’s not
getting any better. Poor Jim had to clear the biggest mess of organic material
off our anchor and chain since the time we anchored in a tree in Barkley Sound
almost ten years ago. This Spade anchor, by the way, has otherwise been superb,
and it scored very high in the now-famous series of underwater video tests on a variety of anchors conducted by Port Townsend’s own Steve Goodwin out in
the bay. Goodwin now uses a Spade on his own boat, and probably no anchor of
any type could have held in that tangled kelp on a wind shift turnover.
|Coming from the north you leave reds to port and greens to starboard--good to know beforehand.|
Back to El Capitan
Passage. While not as fearsome as the sphincter-puckering Devil’s Elbow in
Keku Strait just north of here, the area around what’s called Dry Pass is rock-wacky
enough to command your full attention, especially in rain and wind. Besides,
who wouldn’t wonder about the sanity of piloting a floating object through
something called “Dry”? We found a great spot to anchor with no kelp and lots
of sticky mud, and enjoyed the rainy day.
Next morning we motored a couple miles over to the Forest
Service’s pier, anchored near it and rowed ashore to explore El Capitan Cave,
the largest cave in Alaska. Read this to get a sense of what's in there--talk about Ice Age relics! For some reason, both of
us had missed the little detail in the cruising guide that says there are 340
large wooden steps going most of the way up the side of a mountain, and there
was no sign by the Forest Service advising us of that, so up we went,
Puffing like a couple of antique steam engines, we reached
the top. Hikes have not been frequent on this trip due to dense forest (and
bears, duh,) and our legs were out of shape. Boy what a view, and wow what a cave.
We clambered over some fallen rocks, turned on our
flashlights, and went spelunking. Just like that, nobody around, and there are
no lights or railings or other “improvements,” it’s in its original condition,
though the fossil bones (some over 11,000 years old and including a giant bear 12,295 years old) and artifacts have been removed for safekeeping. Not to
over-state the obvious, but caves are dark, and it’s fun to turn off your
lights and try to see your hand in front of your face. There's even a species of shrimp that lives in complete darkness its whole life, in that cave.
It also explains why bats evolved with echolocation. Though we
didn’t see any bats, we did see the perfect spot for a hearth fire with its own
natural chimney (this cave was occupied by humans about 3,200 years ago, and
their torches left carbon deposits on the ceilings.) Pretty cool to try and
imagine where people might have cooked, slept, told stories, etc to get out of
the winter weather. A couple hundred feet in we came to a gate blocking off the
presumably more dangerous sections of the cave, including a passage called “The
We continued down El Capitan Passage in more wind and rain,
and found good shelter in a tiny unnamed cove on the northwest part of Tuxekan
Island (avoid the unsurveyed ledge to port if you go in there.)
A small humpback whale was feeding in the outer cove. Next
morning we said, let’s just go a short distance and fish the whole way. Once
underway, we saw the small whale, who was joined by two others. As we trolled
near a small island, one of the whales swam toward us and rolled up on its
side. Then, as we trolled away from it at about 2 ½ knots, it caught up and swam
alongside us the entire length of the island! Ten minutes later as we approached
Turn Point, there was a lot of splashing up against the rocks. We didn’t see
any waves. A WHALE! ANOTHER ONE, RIGHT UP AGAINST THE ROCKS! Less than two boat
lengths from us, it rolled and then opened its mouth and we could see the
baleen. Wow! We turned Raven away to give it more room, and it followed us!
Now you might be thinking, hey, how ‘bout some photos? Huh?
Huh? But when you are multitasking, steering the boat while trolling near seaweedy rocks
with a whale nearby and trying to avoid both, with the whale surfacings
impossible to predict and lasting only a second or two, we have concluded that
we would need a staff photographer to properly capture the scene. This is what
So to assuage your disappointment, here’s some more eco-porn (and so that you know, there
was yet another whale just beyond those islets in this photo.)
We put our fishing gear away, being so near these whales, and steamed at 4.2 knots, with this whale swimming alongside us (between 50-100 feet away)
for almost a mile! Later on, when it wasn’t around, we fished again, but
something snagged our downrigger gear and we lost the weight and cable. (It wasn't a whale.) Another thing to replace in Craig. We will get the hang of this fishing thing one of these decades.
When we got to Nossuk Bay in afternoon wind and rain to find a sheltered place
to anchor in one of its nooks, another whale was swimming back and forth in the
bay! I log whale sightings, and conservatively estimate that since Ketchikan we
have had between 76 and 80 whale sightings, not counting ones way, way off in the distance.
So, I write this on a lay day in Craig, where JobOne was to GET A FREAKIN' HOT SHOWER. Done. Things like laundry, finding internet to post this blog, provisioning, replacing fishing gear, talking to fishermen to see if they have advice (they do), and FINDING A PUB are on the agenda. Then it's off to the southern part of Prince of Wales Island, to fish, play, wait for a good forecast, and get around Cape Chacon, which sticks out into Dixon Entrance, eventually crossing back over to the "mainland," where we will turn once again toward Prince Rupert, that great little Canadian city. All that will take a couple of weeks.
Unspoken Law of the Sea #11: If you have a boat, get out there and enjoy it. If you don't have a boat, get one.